POSITION HELD: Director of Kno.e.sis Center, Professor
Affiliation: Computer Science & Engineering, Wright State University
Amit Sheth is the LexisNexis Ohio Eminent Scholar for Advanced Data Management and Analysis at the Wright State University. He directs the Kno.e.sis Center (http://knoesis.org) for Knowledge enabled Information & Services Science, a world leader in Semantic, Social, and Services computing over Web infrastructure. Prof. Sheth is an IEEE fellow, has received awards such as the IBM Faculty award, has published extensively, and is among the best-cited authors in computer science (24 with 100+ citations, h index = 54). He has given more than 200 invited talks including 30+ keynotes, is EIC of ISI indexed Intl. Journal of Semantic Web & Information Systems (http://ijswis.org), is joint-EIC of Distributed & Parallel Databases, and serves on several editorial boards. By licensing his funded university research, he has also founded and managed two successful companies. Several commercial products and many operationally deployed applications have resulted from his R&D.
Title: Computing for Human Experience: Sensors, Perception, Semantics, Web N.0, and beyond
Abstract: Traditionally there has been a strong separation between computing and human activities in the real world. The approach has largely been that of mapping the complexity and richness of the real world to constrained computer models and languages for more efficient computation, and then transferring the results for use in the real world. I think the time is ripe to reverse the situation, for computing and communication to transparently enrich and enhance human experience.
Today, devices enable something more than a “human instructs machine” paradigm. We are seeing computing and communication engage transparently in human activities by enriching them in ways not possible before. Assimilating, linking, computing over and disseminating multimodal information (maps, images, events, reviews, videos etc.) occur with far less human interaction. Systems are more “aware”— they not only deal with simple objects such as documents or entities, but also model, compute over, and communicate complex facets, such as the relationships between objects and the temporal (“when”), thematic (“what”) and spatial (”where”) aspects of objects.
This era of “computing for human experience” involves a seamless interaction between the physical world and the virtual or cyber world with advanced integrated capabilities in perception and awareness of the physical world (e.g., in extending sensory engagement with environments and narrowing the gaps between the real world and computing), using “humans as sensors” of intensions and emotions, understanding (semantics) and using knowledge and collective wisdom, while integrating online and offline interactions. Some of these ideas have been posited as the Internet of Things, Intelligence@Interfaces, Humanist Computing, Relationship Web, PeopleWeb, EventWeb, and Experiential Computing. Applications and infrastructures embodying the principles of computing for richer human experiences are already emerging: MyLifeBits, linked data, Open Social, and reusable knowledge bases (Semantic Web or Web3.0) are some examples.Building on these and related concepts and visions, we will outline recent progress and highlight where semantics and semantic Web technologies play an important role in leading to the next phase—computing to enrich human experience—as well as the types of enrichments one can expect.